Enki and Ninhursag: a Rehabilitation (pdf)

Free downloading:
Enki and Ninhursag: a Rehabilitation’ (pdf)

This (updated) article (2017) – summarizing my interpretation of the myth –  is free of restrictions on access.



Expected article based on volume 2 (preview):
‘Then the Flood swept over …’

Stories about the Great Flood hail from different parts of the world. The oldest preserved Sumerian version – ‘The Flood story’ – is over four thousand years old. More extended, almost identical Akkadian versions are integrated into the ‘Gilgamesh Epic’ and ‘Atrahasis’. Many copies were also found outside the river basin of the Euphrates and the Tigris. References to it show that the story was very popular. The versions of the story in the first chapter of Genesis encouraged the impression that they were related to real history. The first reports of the British archaeologist Woolley reinforced the idea. Despite the scepticism of his contemporaries and eventually of Sir Leonard Woolley himself, I will dwell at length on the issue of to what extent their comments can be taken seriously. Archaeology, astrology and iconography play a major part in the search for answers. Inevitably the question will arise of what influence those stories had on the work of the Jewish, Classic and Christian authors. The quest for those answers also gave rise to questions that will be answered in volume three.

(Nico W. Visser)